Europe

+100Cal and Europe for Citizens

Final Report (April 2016)

The +100 Cal international project co-ordinated by the Department of Letters and Philosophy of the University of Trento began in March 2015 with the participation of three scientific and one technical partners. Scientific partners are the Jagellonian University of Krakow, Innsbruck University and Montpellier III University, while the technical partner is the “WW1- dentro la Grande guerra di Milano” association.

Scientific Activities

The Project was developed with a two-fold approach; on the one hand seminars and workshops were organised between researchers from the four universities and involved experts in digital dissemination from the WW1 association. These meetings and seminars were in part organised at the public meetings held as part of the same project. Some of them took place as Skype conferences and through exchanges of e-mails.

The purpose of this intensive networking was to define and finalise the contributions that the partner universities agreed upon in order to render our digital calendar effectively supranational and comparative.

On the whole, the three partner universities undertook to produce 60 contributions for the 55 calendar episodes planned (from May 2014 to December 2018). Some of the contributions have already been published in episodes of the calendar; most will be published in future episodes, starting from early 2016.

Not only has major content on specific aspects been ensured from the foreign partners, three special editions of the calendar have also been agreed, one per year (2016, 2017 and 2018), each dedicated to a single major topic. For this topic we will be able to publish contributions from all four scientific settings involved.

The topics are as follows:

December 2016: civilians at war

July 2017: the men who fought

January 2018: occupied territories

The calendar’s last episode, to be published in December 2018, will be multilateral in both its contents and approach and will be dedicated to peace treaties and the consequences of the war.

In addition to this, a number of themes of bilateral interest to Italy and Austria have been identified specifically with the University of Innsbruck; of these two contributions will be published in each of the following editions: one from the Italian “faction” and one that deals with the subject from the point of view of the enemy at war, Austria-Hungary:

May 2016: the Strafexpedition (Punitive Expedition)

October2017: the Battle of Caporetto

October 2017: the final battle at Vittorio Veneto.

Public dissemination events

Parallel to meetings and seminars being held within the group of researchers involved in the project, a series of public events have also been held. During these the calendar was presented by representatives of all the partners at their universities, to an audience mainly comprising university students but also teachers and students from upper secondary schools and the general public with an interest in the subject. Due to contingent factors, it was not possible to organise an event at the University of Montpellier, but its representatives have played an active part in the other events.

In particular, events addressed primarily at university students were held in Trento (8 June 2015), Krakow (15 December 2015), Innsbruck (12,13 and 18 January 2016) and again in Trento (25 February 2016). In the latter case, as well as presenting the calendar, a seminar was organised to compare the different approaches of the various national historiographies to individual, crucial topics of the history of the Great War.

The two meetings on 26 February 2016 on the other hand were addressed to teachers and students from upper secondary schools and the general public with an interest in the subject: in the morning at the Museum of the Battle of Vittorio Veneto and in the afternoon at Crocetta del Montello, two sites where major war events took place and where there are museums dedicated precisely to the crucial historic event.

The new web page

The project has also led to the creation of a new, graphically updated web page format, which is more extensive and able to accommodate the English version and is suited to posting new content produced by the partner universities. The project’s technical partner WW1 dealt with these aspects. WW1 has also supervised the translation of all the available content produced throughout the project. As a result, since May 2015 all the contents from the first edition (May 2014) are available in the English section: texts, first-hand accounts, photo gallery captions, infographs and pictorial plates. All the new content from the project partners has also been translated into English.

WW1 has also supervised the production of a new page of the digital calendar: interactive 360° panoramas, of both the Italian and the western fronts. These will be uploaded along with new episodes of the calendar.

Results

The data on the accesses to the digital calendar, which started in the initial version (only in Italian and realized only by the team of Trento) in May 2014, have emained constant with the passing of time; they have grown in single moments (May 2015) particularly important for the Italian participation to the war. With the new, multilingual version of the web page numbers have grown, in particular with respect to accesses to the English version of the page.

The numbers of the accesses between May 2015 (the month in which the international new version of the calendar has started) and March 2016 are the following: 21.524 sessions, 17.835 users, 57.501 pages opened, with an average time length of each session over 2 minutes - which is, for the web, a particularly "long" time of attention. This means an average of about 2.000 sessions for each issue. About 15% of the users have opened the English pages, a percentage growing in time.

Below, a brief presentation of individual events.

Event 1: The calendar grows. Public presentation of the new European version of www.lagrandeguerrapiu100.it

Participation: It has allowed us to bring together 25 people, including 14 from Trento (Italy), 1 from Bologna (Italy), 2 from Innsbruck (Austria), 2 from Krakow (Poland), 1 from Milan (Italy), 1 from Montpellier (France), 1 from Andria (Italy), 1 from Belluno (Italy), 1 from Treviso (Italy), 1 Vittorio Veneto (Italy).
Place / Date: The event took place in Trento, Italy on 8 and 9 June 2016.
Brief description: Workshop of the European Group members to organize and discuss the progress of work and public presentation of digital calendar of the Great War.

Event 2: The calendar grows. Second public presentation of the new European version of www.lagrandeguerrapiu100.it

Participation: It has allowed us to bring together 30 people, including 21 from Poland, two from Ukraine, one from Azerbaijan, three from Italy, one from Austria, one from Russia and one from France.
Place / Date: The event took place in Krakow, Poland, at the Institute of European Studies, Jagiellonian University, the days 14 December 2015 from 17.30 to 20.00 and December 15 from 10.00 to 11.30.
Brief description: Workshop of the European Group members with the representatives of the involved institutions and public presentation of digital calendar of the Great War edited by prof. Gustavo Corni of University of Trento as the scientific coordinator.

Event 3: The calendar grows. Third public presentation of the new European version of www.lagrandeguerrapiu100.it

Participation: It has allowed us to bring together 84 people, including 52 from Austria, one from Luxembourg, one from Britain, one from Poland, 28 from Italy and one from France.
Place / Date: the event occurred Innsbruck (Austria) - Institut für Europäische Ethnologie und Geschichtswissenschaften University, the 12 and 13 January 2016 with a continuation of the day January 18, 2016.
Brief description: Presentation of digital calendar of the Great War to the students of the various bachelor and master courses in History of the Innsbruck University with the participation of the European Group members and representatives of the institutions involved. Scientific coordination by Prof. Gunda Barth-Scalmani.

Event 4: The calendar grows. Last public presentations of the new European version of www.lagrandeguerrapiu100.it - ​​"Con-fronti: new perspectives on the WWI"

Place / Date: The event took place in Trento, Italy on February 25, 2016.
Participation: It has allowed us to bring together 41 people, including 32 from Trento (Italy), one from Bologna (Italy), 2 from Innsbruck (Austria), one from Krakow (Poland), 1 from Venice (Italy), one from Bolzano (Italy), one from Andria (Italy), one from Brescia (Italy), one from Verona (Italy).
Brief description: CON-FRONTI. NUOVE PROSPETTIVE SULLA GRANDE GUERRA. Workshop of the European Group members to organize and discuss the progress of work and public presentation of digital calendar of the Great War.

Event 5: The calendar grows. Last public presentations of the new European version of www.lagrandeguerrapiu100.it "Presentation of the calendar to high school students and workshops"

Place / Date: The event occurred in Vittorio Veneto - Museo della Battaglia, Italy on February 26, 2016 (10: 00-12: 30).
Participation: It has allowed us to bring together 109 people, including 106 from Italy, two from Austria and one from Poland;
Brief description: CON-FRONTI. DIFFERENTI PROSPETTIVE SULLA GRANDE GUERRA. Meeting with the schools.

Place / Date: The event occurred in Crocetta del Montello, Italy on February 26, 2016 (18: 00-20: 00).
Participation: It has allowed us to bring together 35 citizens **, of which 32 are from Italy, two from Austria and one from Poland.
Brief Description: CON-FRONTI. DIFFERENTI PROSPETTIVE SULLA GRANDE GUERRA. Public meeting

** At the public meeting in Crocetta del Montello participated 6 people who were also present at the meeting in Vittorio Veneto. In the file "Final budget calculation sheet" they were counted one time only and the total of the participating persons to the event of the day February 26, 2016 is equal to 138.