December 1916

August von Mackensen and the conquest of Bucarest

August von Mackensen (1849 - 1945) was a German general, the protagonist of some of the most important battles of the First World War and one of the main military leaders of Imperial Germany. During the Great War had an important role in the fighting against the Russians on the Eastern Front following participating the campaign of Serbia in 1915. His "aura of chivalry" emerged immediately devoting to the Serbian defenders of Belgrade a memorial that celebrated the value, despite they were opponents. However it became famous driving the German troops in the overwhelming campaign of Romania 1916. Noted was the image of his triumphal entrance in Bucharest - riding a white horse - after the defeat of the Romanian troops. After the Great War he lived with bitterness and coolness the defeat of Germany, the end of the monarchy and the tragic rise of Nazism. Died aged 95, Mackensen fought under different flags: the Kingdom of Prussia, the North German Confederation, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and the Allied occupation of Germany.

He was a figure of great iconographic power, his most famous image is the one that shows him in the uniform Hussar of death and the big hat with skull and crossbones, the traditional Totenkopf.