June 1916

Brusilov's roller compressor

The victorious offensive in the summer of 1916, that permitted to the 8th Russian Army of ease the pressure on the French and forced to a disastrous retreat the Austro-Hungarians, bears the name of the general who led it. Aleksei Brusilov (1853 - 1926) was descended from a family that for three generations had served the Czar; among others, his grandfather served as an officer during the attack of Napoleon's troops in 1812. His military career began with the Page Corps at the Military Academy of St. Petersburg , subsequently bringing it to fill the role of lieutenant general and commander of the Academy for Cavalry Officers , to publish some military works, and become commander and later general of cavalry in 1912, and finally commander of the XIIth corps of the military district of Kiev.
But was in July 1914 that he became commander of the 8th Army, responsible for the successful of the June 1916 offensive. This offensive confirmed the fears of the central empires regarding the power and the numerical superiority of the Russians: the lack of modern weapons was bypassed by the mobilization capacity and the large number of soldiers, elements that impressed the Austro-Hungarians. The irresistible Brusilov's war machine, earned it the famous term "Russian roller compressor".