Gallipoli, Dardanelles, August 6, 1915. That morning, the first ANZAC contingents went up the slopes of Sari Bair, which for the moment seemed completely undefended. However, a short distance there was the young and still unknown Mustafa Kemal with his troops. Made aware of the landing of Australians, he moved against them with all available troops, blocking the attack after a hard battle and changing the fate of the Gallipoli operations. He was born a myth. After the war, with the defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Kemal sat at the head of a nationalist and revolutionary movement, who managed to expel the victorious nations from Anatolia creating the modern Turkey. To symbolize his contribution he took the surname Ataturk, "father of the Turks ".