In June, a long series of bloody Italian offensives began on the Isonzo front. Forced to attack on unfavourable terrain, with few machine guns and a shortage of heavy artillery, Italian troops were soon forced to an exhausting war of position.
Mario Isnenghi e Daniele Ceschin, Gli italiani in guerra. La Grande Guerra dall’intervento alla “vittoria mutilata”, UTET, Turin, 2008
Umberto Mattalia, La guerra dei forti sugli altopiani (1915-1916), Rossato, Valdagno, 1989