Tag: 1917

On 11 December 1917 the British General Edmund Allenby (1861-1936) entered Jerusalem, taken from the Ottomans 9 of the same month, through the Jaffa Gate. The general, as a sign of respect for the Holy City, decided to enter on foot and not on horseback, as witnessed by Allenby himself:
"I entered the city officially at noon, December 11th, with a few of my staff, the commanders of the French and Italian detachments, the heads of the political missions, and the Military Attaches of France,...
The image of the firing squad and severe arbitrary military justice administered by officers driven insane by the war is now deeply rooted in the collective memory of the First World War, along with the trenches, frontal attacks and bombings. Though magnified through soldiers’ memoirs and films, this image is to a certain extent true. In Italy, military justice was applied on the basis of the Military Penal Code regulations, which came into force in 1870. Its structure was identical to the 1859...
The capture of Jerusalem, although strategically insignificant in deciding the fate of the war, was widely touted as a major allied victory, especially because of the great historical and religious significance of the city. The Ottoman forces, despite the fierce resistance of previous clashes and the support of the Austro-Germans allies in terms of weaponry, Officers and small contingents of troops, had to yield to the superior allied forces.
 
“[...] I want the pen to be on a par with the bayonet [...]”
These verses are drawn from poem Back Home! 1925 of Vladímir Vladímirovič Majakóvskij (1893-1930), poet and playwright of the October Revolution. Mayakovsky intends, with these verses, comparing the strength of the armed revolutionary with that of the intellectual: the bayonets of the soldiers must become pens, weapons useful to spread the communist and revolutionary ideology.
Its is a revolution...
"Maybe Petrograd will be forced to undergo such a government for some time, but that the whole of Russia can remain in the hands of such people is almost unbelievable"
From the diaries of Meriel Buchanan (5 September 1886 - 6 February 1959), daughter of Sir George Buchanan, the last British ambassador in imperial Russia, a direct witness in the days of the October Revolution
Between 24 and 25 October 1917 (November 6 and 7 of the Gregorian calendar) the Red Guards of the Russian Social Democratic Workers (Bolshevik) Party swept away the weak and indecisive Kerensky's provisional government. Lenin and the Bolsheviks had assumed power. After the short period of semi-illegality following the thesis of April and the July unrest, driven by the motto "peace, land and bread!", The Bolsheviks gained a majority in the Soviets of Petrograd and Moscow, and increased their...
Between 25 and 26 October 1917 the final and decisive act of the Russian revolution, which had commenced in February of the same year, took place.  The Provisional Government was overturned with relatively little blood being spilled, however before the Soviet Republic could be established, it was to undergo the tremendous turmoil of civil war.

The October Revolution, which led to the fall of the Provisional Government on 25 October 1917 and the Bolsheviks seizing power in...
Figure that still stimulates debate, Luigi Cadorna (1850 - 1928) was a general of the Royal Italian Army of great determination and offensive spirit. His famous "shouldered" have gone down in history for having worn the spirit and morale of his men, compared with modest results against the enemy army.
Cadorna was a severe general and a supporter of decimation as a response to acts of mutiny or cowardice, as evidenced by two circulars of 1916 issued by him:
"... when the identification of...
Luigi Capello was born in Intra on 14 April 1859. Cadet at the Military Academy in 1875, second lieutenant of infantry in 1878, he began his military career in the 46th Infantry Regiment. Promoted lieutenant in 1881, he served in the Alpini Corps and reached the rank of captain in 1885.
Ljudevit Pivko was an irredentist Slovene lieutenant intent on striking from inside the Austro-Hungarian Empire; he became the unexpected alley of the Italians, helping them to attempt a surprise attack in order to overstep the enemy lines. Pivko handed over topographic sketches about the defense line in Valsugana; the Italian Major Cesare Pettorelli Lalatta considered reliable the sketches and the Italian Army Information Service decided to organize a surprise action in the Austro-Hungarian...

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