Tag: 1918

“A poor man in this world can be done to death in two main ways, by the absolute indifference of his fellows in peacetime or by their homicidal mania when there's a war.”

Louis-Ferdinand Céline, Journey to the End of the Night 

On 27 October 1918 the commander of the German fleet von Hipper gave the order to launch a last desperate attack on the Royal Navy. The entire Hochseeflotte would have to confront a superior enemy, going to a certain defeat. However, on 3 November 1918, in Kiel several crews of German battleships mutinied and the firemen stop the engines, preventing ships from leaving the sea. The mutiny immediately became a symbol of German defeat and the peace will of the troops, giving way to a period of...
Armando Vittorio Diaz was born in Naples on 5 December 1861. Son of a navy officer, he was initiated very young to the military career by attending the Military Academy of Turin, from which he emerged with the rank of second lieutenant of artillery. In 1884 he entered in active duty in the 10th Artillery Regiment, and in 1890 joined the 1st Regiment with the rank of captain. In 1894 he specialized in the School of War, then started working in the secretariat of the General Alberto Pollio,...
The agony of the German army
Gen. Ludendorff
My War Memories
8 August was the black day of the German Army in the history of this war.
Early on 8 August, in a dense fog, rendered still thicker by artificial mean, the English mainly with Australian and Canadian divisions, and the French attacked between Albert and Moreuil with strong squadrons of tanks but otherwise in no great superiority. Between the Somme and the Luce they...
And the enemy returned for pride and hunger

he wanted to vent all his desires,

he saw the open plan above: he still wanted to

feed and to exult again!


This verse of the famous song La leggenda del Piave sums up one of the main aspects of the so-called battle of the Solstice. On the one hand the difficulty for the imperial-royal army to feed troops to the front - in a state of severe malnutrition - because of the lack of supplies, so that the...
 
The young soldiers born in 1899 had their baptism of fire. Their behaviour was magnificent. (...) They went to the front line singing. I saw them return in small numbers. They were still singing.
(Daily report signed by General Armando Diaz on 18 November 1917)
The great battle in Veneto started by the Austro-Hungarian army with the last of its forces, but also with the firm will to achieve victory, had ended with a failure very similar to a real defeat.
(Concluding remarks...
Between the end of 1917 and the spring of 1918, the Piave was the scene of two great Austrian offensive that would have to force the surrender of the kingdom of Italy. During the first battle of the Piave the Italian troops, believed won and morally destroyed by both Autrian and Italian military leaders, offered a strong resistance on Monte Grappa and along th the Piave river, allowing the defensive line along this river to continue to resist the offensive Austrian. The battle of the Solstice...
On 21 April 1918 took place the last flight of Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (1892 - 1918), the famous Red Baron. The famous aviator of the German Empire died before turning twenty-six, and he was respected and feared by enemies for the his eighty air victories.
Following his numerous merits in 1916 he became the commander of the Jagdstaffel 11; the fighter squadron was the one with the highest number of successes: three hundred and fifty shooting down. The squadron earned the name of "flying...
On 21 March 1918, the Operation Michael began, first of the five offensives by the German army, the last on the Western Front. Ludendorff planned the last of these offensives; the battle began on 15 July , but the French army, supported by American, British and Italians troops, stopped the attack and rejected the Germans. Paradoxical was the name chosen for the offensive: Friedensturm, or “Peace Offensive”, especially considering the heavy losses suffered by the German and Allied forces.
 
“With superhuman inhumanities, Long-famous glories, immemorial shames— And crawling slowly back, have by degrees Regained cool peaceful air in wonder— Why speak they not of comrades that went under?”

(Wilfred Owen – Spring Offensive)

The offensive launched by the German army in the spring of 1918, which went down in history as the Kaiserschlacht, the Kaiser’s or Emperor’s Battle, represented General Ludendoff’s last opportunity to reverse the fate of the...

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