Tag: Alessandro Chebat

John Joseph Pershing - the future commander of the American Expeditionary Force - was born on a farm near Laclede (Missouri) on 13 September 1860.
Coming from a well-off family, after his studies, he initially started the career of teacher at the school for Afro-American children in Laclede, and later at the prestigious Truman State University in Kirksville.
In 1882, tired of the rural Missouri, he decided to enter the Westpoint military academy, which he completed without distinguishing in...
Armando Vittorio Diaz was born in Naples on 5 December 1861. Son of a navy officer, he was initiated very young to the military career by attending the Military Academy of Turin, from which he emerged with the rank of second lieutenant of artillery. In 1884 he entered in active duty in the 10th Artillery Regiment, and in 1890 joined the 1st Regiment with the rank of captain. In 1894 he specialized in the School of War, then started working in the secretariat of the General Alberto Pollio,...
The agony of the German army
Gen. Ludendorff
My War Memories
8 August was the black day of the German Army in the history of this war.
Early on 8 August, in a dense fog, rendered still thicker by artificial mean, the English mainly with Australian and Canadian divisions, and the French attacked between Albert and Moreuil with strong squadrons of tanks but otherwise in no great superiority. Between the Somme and the Luce they...
The testimonies of Italian prisoners of war, reported here in epistolary form, give us a series of contrasting and varied attitudes, opinions and moods. The main topics of correspondence were the description of the precarious conditions of life in the camps, the obsessive demand for food packages - the only element that could make the difference between life and death, the defense of the prisoner status and the dynamics of their capture, distancing on his own he is accused of infamous deserter...
It is the horror of imprisonment that is necessary to inspire the soldiers
(Gen. Morrone - Minister of War)

 
The appointment of Admiral Nicholas Horthy to Commander-in-Chief of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, an officer who on several occasions had requested a more aggressive approach to the naval war in the Adriatic, increased the likelihood of a large-scale raid to break through the Allied Blockade of the Otranto Straits and destroy it. The action between 9 and 10 June 1918 was organised in two stages: first the spearhead - comprising scout cruisers and torpedo boats, and secondly - as back up -...
 
The young soldiers born in 1899 had their baptism of fire. Their behaviour was magnificent. (...) They went to the front line singing. I saw them return in small numbers. They were still singing.
(Daily report signed by General Armando Diaz on 18 November 1917)
The great battle in Veneto started by the Austro-Hungarian army with the last of its forces, but also with the firm will to achieve victory, had ended with a failure very similar to a real defeat.
(Concluding remarks...
From the beginning of the First World War, a number of Czechs and Slovaks demonstrated their dissent with the Austro-Hungarian Empire by joining the armed resistance. The Czechoslovak Legions formed in Russia, France and Italy played a key role in gaining independence and laid the foundations for the future national army.
The image of the firing squad and severe arbitrary military justice administered by officers driven insane by the war is now deeply rooted in the collective memory of the First World War, along with the trenches, frontal attacks and bombings. Though magnified through soldiers’ memoirs and films, this image is to a certain extent true. In Italy, military justice was applied on the basis of the Military Penal Code regulations, which came into force in 1870. Its structure was identical to the 1859...

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