Tag: Battle

One year after the great victory in the twelfth battle of the Isonzo (the battle of Caporetto), the Austro-Hungarian forces suffered the definitive defeat on the Piave front. An authentic route that resembled the Italian defeat of the previous year and which gave the coup de grace to the Austro-Hungarian empire, a little more than 50 years after its birth.
"The war against Austria-Hungary which, under the high command of HM the King, supreme leader, the Italian Army, inferior in the number of men and vehicles, began on 24 May 1915 and with unwavering faith and tenacious valour conducted continuously and fiercely for 41 months, has been won. The gigantic battle which began on the 24th of October, and in which fifty-one Italian divisions, three British, two French, one Czechoslovak, and an American regiment took part, against seventy-three...
And the enemy returned for pride and hunger

he wanted to vent all his desires,

he saw the open plan above: he still wanted to

feed and to exult again!


This verse of the famous song La leggenda del Piave sums up one of the main aspects of the so-called battle of the Solstice. On the one hand the difficulty for the imperial-royal army to feed troops to the front - in a state of severe malnutrition - because of the lack of supplies, so that the...
 
The young soldiers born in 1899 had their baptism of fire. Their behaviour was magnificent. (...) They went to the front line singing. I saw them return in small numbers. They were still singing.
(Daily report signed by General Armando Diaz on 18 November 1917)
The great battle in Veneto started by the Austro-Hungarian army with the last of its forces, but also with the firm will to achieve victory, had ended with a failure very similar to a real defeat.
(Concluding remarks...
Between the end of 1917 and the spring of 1918, the Piave was the scene of two great Austrian offensive that would have to force the surrender of the kingdom of Italy. During the first battle of the Piave the Italian troops, believed won and morally destroyed by both Autrian and Italian military leaders, offered a strong resistance on Monte Grappa and along th the Piave river, allowing the defensive line along this river to continue to resist the offensive Austrian. The battle of the Solstice...
On 21 April 1918 took place the last flight of Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (1892 - 1918), the famous Red Baron. The famous aviator of the German Empire died before turning twenty-six, and he was respected and feared by enemies for the his eighty air victories.
Following his numerous merits in 1916 he became the commander of the Jagdstaffel 11; the fighter squadron was the one with the highest number of successes: three hundred and fifty shooting down. The squadron earned the name of "flying...
“With superhuman inhumanities, Long-famous glories, immemorial shames— And crawling slowly back, have by degrees Regained cool peaceful air in wonder— Why speak they not of comrades that went under?”

(Wilfred Owen – Spring Offensive)

The offensive launched by the German army in the spring of 1918, which went down in history as the Kaiserschlacht, the Kaiser’s or Emperor’s Battle, represented General Ludendoff’s last opportunity to reverse the fate of the...
"I confess I stick to it more because I see nothing better, and because my instinct prompts me to stickto it, than to any convincing arguments by which I can support it."
(From a letter of Sir William Robertson - Chief of the Imperial General Staff - to Douglas Haig)

 
Mount Ortigara was the scene of the battle that, according to Cadorna, would mark the Italian comeback in Trentino after having checked the enemy at the Battle of Asiago (Strafexpedition). Despite the abundance of men and means at their disposal, the offensive on Ortigara turned into a bloody disappointment. The hardships suffered by the Italian Alpini gave rise to the legendary status of these mountain troops.
 



The battle of Mount Ortigara was the biggest clash at high altitude, fought during the First World War. Despite the failure of the operation, Ortigara has become a central episode in the Italian epic of the Great War and in the formation of the myth of the Alpini Corps.

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