Tag: Biografia

John Joseph Pershing - the future commander of the American Expeditionary Force - was born on a farm near Laclede (Missouri) on 13 September 1860.
Coming from a well-off family, after his studies, he initially started the career of teacher at the school for Afro-American children in Laclede, and later at the prestigious Truman State University in Kirksville.
In 1882, tired of the rural Missouri, he decided to enter the Westpoint military academy, which he completed without distinguishing in...
Armando Vittorio Diaz was born in Naples on 5 December 1861. Son of a navy officer, he was initiated very young to the military career by attending the Military Academy of Turin, from which he emerged with the rank of second lieutenant of artillery. In 1884 he entered in active duty in the 10th Artillery Regiment, and in 1890 joined the 1st Regiment with the rank of captain. In 1894 he specialized in the School of War, then started working in the secretariat of the General Alberto Pollio,...
Ernest Hemingway was born in Illinois by Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a doctor and hunter, and  by Grace Hall, a music teacher and painter. After graduating, he showed no interest in continuing his university studies. Instead he became enthusiastic about sport, practicing different disciplines, including running, boxing and swimming, but above all for writing.
When he knew he had a chance to become a chronicler for the Kansas City Star, he left the family and set off for his new destination. It...
Luigi was born in Milazzo son of Giacomo and Maria Giuseppa Greco. Fifth of six children, he grew up in a family with a strong maritime and patriotic tradition: he was in fact a nephew, son and brother of sailors and at the age of eight he embarked on the ship commanded by his father, immediately giving proof of his abilities. He completed his studies at the Nautical Institute of Messina, where in 1905 he obtained the honorary license, that is the diploma of Aspirant in command of merchant...
"Poincaré the war-monger" for some, "the eminent statesman" for others, Raymond Poincaré's political career has fueled two contradictory parallel legends. Despite this ambiguity, he nevertheless remains one of the most distinguished French statesmen of the contemporary age.
The fate of this cautious and persevering man of Lorraine has gone through the long period between 1880 and 1930, disturbed by the memory of the defeat of 1870, the difficulties of the first years of the Third Republic, the...
"It is not only thanks to the acquired power that Lenin would have assumed a decisive influence on the events, but also the regime he created in October 1917 somehow institutionalized the characteristics of his personality. The Bolshevik party was the product of Lenin: as its founder, he built it in his own image and likeness [..] This party, after taking power in October 1917, quickly removed all possible competitors and became the sole center of political power. For the seventy-four years...
Thomas Edward Lawrence was born in a Welsh town by Sir Thomas Robert Tighe Chapman, Anglo-Irish gentleman, and Sarah Lawrence, a Scottish housekeeper. For her, Sir Thomas abandoned wife and four daughters, often changing their residence, until they moved to Oxford. From the couple, who could never marry and then adopted Sarah's surname, five children were born.    
From 1896 to 1907 Thomas Edward attended the City of Oxford High School. Smart student, he was attracted to...
Luigi Capello was born in Intra on 14 April 1859. Cadet at the Military Academy in 1875, second lieutenant of infantry in 1878, he began his military career in the 46th Infantry Regiment. Promoted lieutenant in 1881, he served in the Alpini Corps and reached the rank of captain in 1885.
Erwin Rommel was born in 1891 in the town of Heidenheim an der Brenz (Baden-Württemberg) to the secondary school teacher and later headmaster Erwin Rommel Sr. and Helene Lutz. His family was typical of the educated middle class. National Socialist propaganda created a very different family history, depicting him as coming from a working-class background and thus as a  model of the ability of children from the lower classes to rise to the highest career levels in Hitler's Third Reich.
He...
Alice Schalek was born on 21 August 1874 in Vienna into an upper-class liberal Jewish family. After publishing her first works under the pseudonym Paul Michaely, she worked for over 30 years from 1903 for the famous Viennese daily newspaper Neue Freie Presse. From 1905 onwards Schalek travelled further afield visiting amongst other places North Africa, the Near East and South East Asia, elaborating her experiences in her columns, books and lectures.

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