Tag: Bolsheviks

“[...] I want the pen to be on a par with the bayonet [...]”
These verses are drawn from poem Back Home! 1925 of Vladímir Vladímirovič Majakóvskij (1893-1930), poet and playwright of the October Revolution. Mayakovsky intends, with these verses, comparing the strength of the armed revolutionary with that of the intellectual: the bayonets of the soldiers must become pens, weapons useful to spread the communist and revolutionary ideology.
Its is a revolution...
Between 24 and 25 October 1917 (November 6 and 7 of the Gregorian calendar) the Red Guards of the Russian Social Democratic Workers (Bolshevik) Party swept away the weak and indecisive Kerensky's provisional government. Lenin and the Bolsheviks had assumed power. After the short period of semi-illegality following the thesis of April and the July unrest, driven by the motto "peace, land and bread!", The Bolsheviks gained a majority in the Soviets of Petrograd and Moscow, and increased their...
Between 25 and 26 October 1917 the final and decisive act of the Russian revolution, which had commenced in February of the same year, took place.  The Provisional Government was overturned with relatively little blood being spilled, however before the Soviet Republic could be established, it was to undergo the tremendous turmoil of civil war.

The October Revolution, which led to the fall of the Provisional Government on 25 October 1917 and the Bolsheviks seizing power in...
When in Russia broke the February Revolution, Lenin (Vladimir Il'ič Ul'janov, 1870 - 1924) was still in exile in Switzerland. Aware that his return could trigger an even sharper opposition to the war, the Russian provisional government - agree with the Entente powers - denied him the passage to return to Russia. With twenty-seven other political exiles, he was thus forced to travel by train through Germany, already knowing that the fact would be the subject of speculation of his political...
At the end of 1916, Russia's domestic situation was extremely difficult. The prolonged war made the imperfections of the political system and state apparatus, along with the inadequacy of the arms industry and the lack of infrastructure completely apparent. The situation was further complicated by the breakdown of society and an increasing anti-war sentiment among the soldiers.


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