Tag: executions

The image of the firing squad and severe arbitrary military justice administered by officers driven insane by the war is now deeply rooted in the collective memory of the First World War, along with the trenches, frontal attacks and bombings. Though magnified through soldiers’ memoirs and films, this image is to a certain extent true. In Italy, military justice was applied on the basis of the Military Penal Code regulations, which came into force in 1870. Its structure was identical to the 1859...
Figure that still stimulates debate, Luigi Cadorna (1850 - 1928) was a general of the Royal Italian Army of great determination and offensive spirit. His famous "shouldered" have gone down in history for having worn the spirit and morale of his men, compared with modest results against the enemy army.
Cadorna was a severe general and a supporter of decimation as a response to acts of mutiny or cowardice, as evidenced by two circulars of 1916 issued by him:
"... when the identification of...
In October of 1915, a massive joint offensive of the Austro-Hungarian, Bulgarian and German forces, commanded by the German General von Mackensen, overwhelmed the Serbian army and completed the conquest of the Balkans. After more than a year of resistance, the Serbs had recover to the Greek island of Corfu, under the protection of the Allied forces.
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