Tag: front

“While death is strolling around Gorizia, meadows and trees bloom everywhere with overwhelming exuberance. It’s like being in the dressing room of a prima donna. However, the women, who are back in the kitchen and help to clean, smile embarrassed, “We are just doing our duty”.  Sure, they forgot to add “For heaven's sake! Don’t mention the war!” ”
(Alice Schalek, Viennese journalist and writer, war correspondent)

And the Alpino on the Adamello / Between the snow and glaciers

And as he goes with tranquil heart / An avalanche can fall
(And the Alpin on Castellaccio - song of the First World War)
In August 1915, the Italian forces launched a heavy offensive on the Trentino Front. The Italian artillery constantly bombarded the Austrian fortifications on the plateau, attempting to destroy them and initiate penetration of the enemy lines. However, the so-called war of the forts had distant origins and its consequences, negligible at the tactical level, showed the inadequacy of the field armies in the new war they were fighting. 
The Isonzo valley was the front of intense Italian efforts to open a breach between the Austro-Hungarian defences. The line of combat stretched from Mount Tolmino as far as the sea. 
From the circular of the Supreme Command of 15 July 1915 dictating the tactical lines for the attack
The troops with bayonets erupt with the maximum violence possible through the gaps opened in the fences to conquer the trenches closest to the adversary. Thus they move toward the main objective, reinforced by other troops arriving in intermittent waves. The main target was the occupation of the trenches rather than the following enemy lines of defence.
Christmas 1914, when the truce happened. One year later the soldiers weren't so lucky.
During World War I, chemical weapons appeared on the battlefield : insidious and deadly against the enemy. At Ypres, in Belgium, chemical weapons were used so extensively that the city gave its name to one of them, the Yperite.
On the Western Front at Christmas 1914 there were moments of fraternization between the opposing trenches: truces, exchange of greetings or small gifts, toast, “friendly” soccer games. These were spontaneous initiatives of small departments, convinced that the war would not last long. The fraternization were banned and severly punished by the commands, who could not tolerate sagging morale and combativeness. In successive Christmas these fraternization not repeated.
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