Tag: Germany

On 27 October 1918 the commander of the German fleet von Hipper gave the order to launch a last desperate attack on the Royal Navy. The entire Hochseeflotte would have to confront a superior enemy, going to a certain defeat. However, on 3 November 1918, in Kiel several crews of German battleships mutinied and the firemen stop the engines, preventing ships from leaving the sea. The mutiny immediately became a symbol of German defeat and the peace will of the troops, giving way to a period of...
It is the horror of imprisonment that is necessary to inspire the soldiers
(Gen. Morrone - Minister of War)

 
On 8th May 1918 one topic dominated the front pages of the Austro-Hungarian newspapers: the peace treaty signed the day before with Romania. This put a definitive end to the 1916/17 campaign, which the Central Powers waged successfully, though it did put their forces under strain, and which only the Russian Revolution managed to bring to an end.

The Romanian way to the war:
On 21 April 1918 took place the last flight of Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (1892 - 1918), the famous Red Baron. The famous aviator of the German Empire died before turning twenty-six, and he was respected and feared by enemies for the his eighty air victories.
Following his numerous merits in 1916 he became the commander of the Jagdstaffel 11; the fighter squadron was the one with the highest number of successes: three hundred and fifty shooting down. The squadron earned the name of "flying...
“With superhuman inhumanities, Long-famous glories, immemorial shames— And crawling slowly back, have by degrees Regained cool peaceful air in wonder— Why speak they not of comrades that went under?”

(Wilfred Owen – Spring Offensive)

The offensive launched by the German army in the spring of 1918, which went down in history as the Kaiserschlacht, the Kaiser’s or Emperor’s Battle, represented General Ludendoff’s last opportunity to reverse the fate of the...
The story of the light cruiser of the Kaiserliche Marine SMS Königsberg, is inextricably linked to Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck (1870 – 1964), the general who led the German troops in the East African Campaign. The cruiser, in service since the beginning of the war, was commanded by Captain Max Loof, who sank a cargo and a British cruiser, before finding shelter in the delta of the Rufiji River in Tanzania, due to a failure of the boilers. The British forces began a campaign to hunt the cruiser...
Germany and Great Britain were the two major industrial powers who took part in the conflict.
In October 1915, in the battle of Loos (Flanders), better known at the time as “The Big Push”, the British army used for the first time poison gas, in order to react to the Germans. And sooner or later all armies introduced in mass this kind of weapons. 
The celebration and the myth of the fallen soldiers soon became a characteristic element of the legacy of the Great War. In the first postwar period, the clash of Langemarck and the sacrifice of the young German volunteers were  exaggerated and mythologized by the Nazi regime beyond the true extent of the battle.
On 22 March of 1915, 117,000 Austrian soldiers surrendered to the Russian forces in what was the longest siege of the Great War, having resisted for 133 days in the fort of Przesmyl, in Galicia. They were the last survivors of a contingent of 127,000 soldiers and 18,000 civilians.
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