“Hurray Trento and Trieste, Hurray for war”: these were the words pronounced by the crowd gathered in May, the 5th, 1915 at the end of the speech of Gabrile D'Annunzio (1863-1938).
The decision to intervene in the war or to remain neutral generated a heated political debate in Italy.
At the outbreak of war, Italian intellectuals, politicians and citizens were divided on two fronts: on the one hand the interventionists and on the other the neutralis. The motives of the two opinions were different. Interventionists expected that through the participation in the war Italy could accomplish the “Risorgimento” and finally become a great power. Their positions, diffused through mass demonstrations and supported by the press, finally prevailed.