Tag: Italy

Talking to Barrière about the transport to Italy of Austrian prisoners (600 officers and 30,000 soldiers) captured by the Serbs and presently in Albania, I told him that I did not see any reason why we should not keep them in Italy after having overcome all the great difficulties and dangers of men and ships [...]
Sidney Sonnino to Camille Barbière, French Ambassador to Italy on 9 December 1915


 
It is the horror of imprisonment that is necessary to inspire the soldiers
(Gen. Morrone - Minister of War)

 
 
The young soldiers born in 1899 had their baptism of fire. Their behaviour was magnificent. (...) They went to the front line singing. I saw them return in small numbers. They were still singing.
(Daily report signed by General Armando Diaz on 18 November 1917)
The great battle in Veneto started by the Austro-Hungarian army with the last of its forces, but also with the firm will to achieve victory, had ended with a failure very similar to a real defeat.
(Concluding remarks...
From the beginning of the First World War, a number of Czechs and Slovaks demonstrated their dissent with the Austro-Hungarian Empire by joining the armed resistance. The Czechoslovak Legions formed in Russia, France and Italy played a key role in gaining independence and laid the foundations for the future national army.
From the beginning of the First World War, a number of Czechs and Slovaks demonstrated their dissent with the Austro-Hungarian Empire by joining the armed resistance. The Czechoslovak Legions formed in Russia, France and Italy played a key role in gaining independence and laid the foundations for the future national army.
In Italy, torn by inner tensions, military justice  was still regulated by the Military Penal Code of 1869, which envisaged extremely severe penalties. And so dozens of cases of mutiny were punished summarily with decimation. Desertion was also punished in the worst way for the soldiers, in processes without guarantees. A hundred years later we are still discussing on the rehabilitation of soldiers sentenced to death during the Great War.
"What was going on in my head when the war broke out in 1915? We were complete innocents, we did not know why we were going to that war, we knew nothing at all. We only talked about it among ourselves, all of us people without any schooling, that did not read the newspapers (...) at school I had learned the alphabet and how to grow radishes and parsley, I still have the book that six of us children, brothers and sisters, studied."
Pietro Balsamo (Margarita - Cuneo, born in 1894,...
Averted the danger brought Austrian offensive in Trentino in May, between 9 and 10 August 1916 the Italian Supreme Command unleashed the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo, in which there were losses of 50,000 Italians and 40,000 Austrians. To support the main offensive effort there were the troops of General Luigi Capello (1859 - 1941), who had managed to get a strong artillery mass capable of destroying the Austrian defenses, allowing them to take the city of Gorizia after the bloody battle....
In June,  a long series of bloody Italian offensives began on the Isonzo front. Forced to attack on unfavourable terrain, with  few machine guns and a shortage of heavy artillery, Italian troops were soon forced to an exhausting war of position.
On May 24, Italy entered the war. The initial enthusiasm of the interventionist minority and confidence in a quick and victorious advance on Gorizia, Trieste and then Vienna were soon disproved.

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