Adolf Hitler (Braunau am Inn, 20 April 1889 - Berlin, 30 April 1945)
Giovanni Boine (1887-1917): Class struggle is gangrene and war is the drug
At the outbreak of war, Italian intellectuals, politicians and citizens were divided on two fronts: on the one hand the interventionists and on the other the neutralis. The motives of the two opinions were different. Interventionists expected that through the participation in the war Italy could accomplish the “Risorgimento” and finally become a great power. Their positions, diffused through mass demonstrations and supported by the press, finally prevailed.
At the outbreak of the war in 1914, Italy found itself in a situation of uncertainty. Since 1882, the country had been linked to Germany and Austria-Hungary via the Triple Alliance. This purely defensive pact was renewed in 1912, but did not in any way bind Italy to go to war alongside the central empires. For this reason and because no evident advantages could be seen from entering into the war on the side of the allies, neutrality prevailed.