Tag: neutralism

The world must be made safe for democracy.  Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty.

(Woodrow Wilson, speech to Congress, 2 April 1917)

On 6 April 1917, the United States declared war on Germany. War was not declared against any other member of the Central Powers or their allies. Only Austria-Hungary received a declaration of war in the summer of 1918. Until then, the United States had remained neutral. This neutrality...
"May any cowardice die here. Let all the classes and all parties that sincerely love the homeland merge in a single outburst of pride and faith, to repeat as during the memorable days of May 1915 to the enemy who listened in ambush: Italy knows only the way of honour."
(Gen. Luigi Cadorna)
The decision to intervene in the war or to remain neutral generated  a heated political debate in Italy.
At the outbreak of war, Italian intellectuals, politicians and citizens were divided on two fronts: on the one hand the interventionists and on the other the neutralis. The motives of the two opinions were different. Interventionists expected that through the participation in the war Italy could accomplish the “Risorgimento” and finally become a great power. Their positions, diffused through mass demonstrations and supported by the press, finally prevailed.
At the outbreak of the war in 1914, Italy found itself in a situation of uncertainty. Since 1882, the country had been linked to Germany and Austria-Hungary via the Triple Alliance. This purely defensive pact was renewed in 1912, but did not in any way bind Italy to go to war alongside the central empires. For this reason and because no evident advantages could be seen from entering into the war on the side of the allies, neutrality prevailed.
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