Tag: Russia

From the beginning of the First World War, a number of Czechs and Slovaks demonstrated their dissent with the Austro-Hungarian Empire by joining the armed resistance. The Czechoslovak Legions formed in Russia, France and Italy played a key role in gaining independence and laid the foundations for the future national army.
From the beginning of the First World War, a number of Czechs and Slovaks demonstrated their dissent with the Austro-Hungarian Empire by joining the armed resistance. The Czechoslovak Legions formed in Russia, France and Italy played a key role in gaining independence and laid the foundations for the future national army.
“[...] I want the pen to be on a par with the bayonet [...]”
These verses are drawn from poem Back Home! 1925 of Vladímir Vladímirovič Majakóvskij (1893-1930), poet and playwright of the October Revolution. Mayakovsky intends, with these verses, comparing the strength of the armed revolutionary with that of the intellectual: the bayonets of the soldiers must become pens, weapons useful to spread the communist and revolutionary ideology.
Its is a revolution...
"What was going on in my head when the war broke out in 1915? We were complete innocents, we did not know why we were going to that war, we knew nothing at all. We only talked about it among ourselves, all of us people without any schooling, that did not read the newspapers (...) at school I had learned the alphabet and how to grow radishes and parsley, I still have the book that six of us children, brothers and sisters, studied."
Pietro Balsamo (Margarita - Cuneo, born in 1894,...
When in Russia broke the February Revolution, Lenin (Vladimir Il'ič Ul'janov, 1870 - 1924) was still in exile in Switzerland. Aware that his return could trigger an even sharper opposition to the war, the Russian provisional government - agree with the Entente powers - denied him the passage to return to Russia. With twenty-seven other political exiles, he was thus forced to travel by train through Germany, already knowing that the fact would be the subject of speculation of his political...
At the end of 1916, Russia's domestic situation was extremely difficult. The prolonged war made the imperfections of the political system and state apparatus, along with the inadequacy of the arms industry and the lack of infrastructure completely apparent. The situation was further complicated by the breakdown of society and an increasing anti-war sentiment among the soldiers.


The victorious offensive in the summer of 1916, that permitted to the 8th Russian Army of ease the pressure on the French and forced to a disastrous retreat the Austro-Hungarians, bears the name of the general who led it. Aleksei Brusilov (1853 - 1926) was descended from a family that for three generations had served the Czar; among others, his grandfather served as an officer during the attack of Napoleon's troops in 1812. His military career began with the Page Corps at the Military Academy...
At the outbreak of the war Austria-Hungary and Russia evacuated from the border lands hundreds of thousands of civilians because they were considered untrustworthy. According to the will of the military authorities, women, elderly and children abandoned their lands in Galicia to be moved in the inner regions of the two Empires. Even the Jews, considered particularly dangerous, suffered this tragic fate.
On 22 March of 1915, 117,000 Austrian soldiers surrendered to the Russian forces in what was the longest siege of the Great War, having resisted for 133 days in the fort of Przesmyl, in Galicia. They were the last survivors of a contingent of 127,000 soldiers and 18,000 civilians.
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