Tag: trenches

This series of pictures show who were the "mass-soldiers" of the First World War and how they spent their time in the narrow spaces of the trenches. Despite the terrible impact of the position war, often the will to survive and to look beyond the horrors of the trench and of the nobody's land left space to moments of leisure and cheerfulness. To this end, the words that Emilio Lussu turned to Mario Rigoni Stern in 1970 after the vision of the movie Many Wars Ago from his novel...
During the Great War the trench became the greatest symbol of the tragic wartime experience of millions of men. The First World War in fact saw soldiers entrenched as the norm, thus significantly altering modes of confrontation: there were no more brutal but short battles, but rather long and violent fighting over large spaces and against an often invisible enemy. In the Karst region and along the Isonzo, the Italians, initially at a disadvantage to their adversary on account of the lack of...
The battle of the Marne (early September 1914) had led the German troops a few tens of km from Paris. Having been blocked by the French troops, the western front was stabilized in an exhausting trench warfare. Repeated attempts of both sides to break through enemy lines with massive frontal attacks yielded modest results, but caused very high losses.
The battle of the Marne (early September 1914) had led the German troops a few tens of km from Paris. Having been blocked by the French troops, the western front was stabilized in an exhausting trench warfare. Repeated attempts of both sides to break through enemy lines with massive frontal attacks yielded modest results, but caused very high losses.
In addition to the global spread of the conflict, the Great War brought a further innovation: from  the summer of 1914, the conflict on the Western Front became a war of position and attrition with the excavation of thousands of miles of trenches. Trench warfare also prevailed on the Italian front . On other fronts, such as Eastern Europe, the trench warfare could not be diffused because of the length of the front.
Christmas 1914, when the truce happened. One year later the soldiers weren't so lucky.
During World War I, chemical weapons appeared on the battlefield : insidious and deadly against the enemy. At Ypres, in Belgium, chemical weapons were used so extensively that the city gave its name to one of them, the Yperite.
 
On the Western Front at Christmas 1914 there were moments of fraternization between the opposing trenches: truces, exchange of greetings or small gifts, toast, “friendly” soccer games. These were spontaneous initiatives of small departments, convinced that the war would not last long. The fraternization were banned and severly punished by the commands, who could not tolerate sagging morale and combativeness. In successive Christmas these fraternization not repeated.
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