Tag: weapons

Averted the danger brought Austrian offensive in Trentino in May, between 9 and 10 August 1916 the Italian Supreme Command unleashed the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo, in which there were losses of 50,000 Italians and 40,000 Austrians. To support the main offensive effort there were the troops of General Luigi Capello (1859 - 1941), who had managed to get a strong artillery mass capable of destroying the Austrian defenses, allowing them to take the city of Gorizia after the bloody battle....
May 31, 1916, is identified as the beginning of the Battle of Jutland, the largest naval battle in the First World War.
The clash resulted in a British victory despite the Royal Navy losses where almost three times more than the German. The British fleet managed to repel the German attempt to force the naval blockade around their coasts. The Jutland battle, despite being a victory paid at high price, was further obscured a few days later. On June 5, Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener (1850 – 1916...
The story of the light cruiser of the Kaiserliche Marine SMS Königsberg, is inextricably linked to Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck (1870 – 1964), the general who led the German troops in the East African Campaign. The cruiser, in service since the beginning of the war, was commanded by Captain Max Loof, who sank a cargo and a British cruiser, before finding shelter in the delta of the Rufiji River in Tanzania, due to a failure of the boilers. The British forces began a campaign to hunt the cruiser...
Germany and Great Britain were the two major industrial powers who took part in the conflict.
The air warfare has a charm all its own. Brave and fearless airmen on board of their aircraft cut through the skies searching for victory. 
Among the new weapons fielded in the conflict there were toxic gases. All the belligerent powers devoted great attention to creating and producing them. The efforts made, even by eminent scientists, turned completely unfounded: the toxic gases released into the atmosphere were difficult to be used and their effectiveness depended too much on the conditions of wind and temperature.
All the great powers, in the decades before the start of the war, developed and mass- produced modern and powerful weapons. 
During World War I, chemical weapons appeared on the battlefield : insidious and deadly against the enemy. At Ypres, in Belgium, chemical weapons were used so extensively that the city gave its name to one of them, the Yperite.
 
In the decades before 1914 an exasperated nationalism and the aggravation of international tensions provoked a dangerous arms race. All powers, large and small, sought to modernize their armies and their fleets. In particular, the naval arms race between Germany and the British Empire had an outstanding relevance.
During the arms race, scientist and inventors often played a crucial role in many countries.
Hiram Stevens Maxim (1840 – 1916), an anglo-american inventor, patented the machine gun, a weapon capable to fire hundreds of shots per minute; but also carousels for amusement parks, flying machines, the incandescent light bulb. George Méliès (1861 – 1938), cinema pioneer, ironically quoted Jules Verne's utopia of firing a bullet with men on board to the Moon. In his movie (A Trip to the Moon, 1902)...

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