Tag: Wojciech Łysek

On 8th May 1918 one topic dominated the front pages of the Austro-Hungarian newspapers: the peace treaty signed the day before with Romania. This put a definitive end to the 1916/17 campaign, which the Central Powers waged successfully, though it did put their forces under strain, and which only the Russian Revolution managed to bring to an end.

The Romanian way to the war:
After the February Revolution in Petrograd, the political exiles came back. The April 13, 1917 (16 according to the Gregorian calendar, used in Russia since 1918) arrived Vladimir Lenin. He brought with him the "April Theses", which represented a vote of no confidence to the provisional government.
The day after his return (April 17), Lenin showed the thesis during the Pan-Russian Congress of Soviets, in front of nearly 800 members of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party. The speech was...
The Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich Romanov wrote thusly to Tsar Nicholas II in December 1916: "Strange though it may be, the Government itself is the organ that is preparing the revolution. The nation does not want it. But every wrong order, prohibition or restriction pushes the people towards it." In mid-February, in a report to the Tsar, the president of the Duma, Mikhail Rodzianko said: "in the capital the mood is very anxious, the strangest rumours are spreading among the people...
The Great War profoundly changed the everyday life of society, as well as its institutions. The enlisted men and the areas of the fighting were the hardest hit. However, not even the civilians and the rear guard were spared. Gradually, the war impacted, in a somewhat direct way, all aspects of civic life and brought about enduring transformations.

Military occupation and relations between occupiers and occupied
by Gustavo Corni
"May any cowardice die here. Let all the classes and all parties that sincerely love the homeland merge in a single outburst of pride and faith, to repeat as during the memorable days of May 1915 to the enemy who listened in ambush: Italy knows only the way of honour."
(Gen. Luigi Cadorna)

Ważnym zagadnieniem Europy początku XX w. była sprawa narodów pozbawionych państwowości. Ich sytuacja układała się różnie, w zależności od tego w jakim znajdowały się państwie. Od wojen napoleońskich do powstania styczniowego sporo mówiło się o sprawie polskiej. Po wojnie francusko-pruskiej (1870-1871) sprawa polska stała się drugorzędnym problemem, stając się wewnętrzną kwestią trzech państw zaborczych
On August 4th, the German troops crossed the Belgian border to score a series of brilliant triumphs. Many in Berlin were confident of a quick victory. The Deutsches Heer appeared to be unstoppable, but it had not counted on Belgium’s will to resist and British intervention.
Following the victories in Belgium, von Moltke was convinced he would be able to implement the Schlieffen plan, and that Paris was now within the reach of his troops. The French army had reached the Marne and was waiting for the battle that was to decide the fate not only of France, but of the entire war.
Christmas Day 1914 saw a miracle: in Flanders, thousands of enemy soldiers put down their weapons and exchanged greetings. It was the last flash of humanity before the horrors of the Great War put aside any fraternity.
The beginning of 1915 reserved a bitter discovery for the populations already sorely taxed by six months of war. On the night of January 19th, two German Zeppelin dirigibles carried out the first aerial bombardment in history on civilians, releasing bombs and incendiary devices on some Norfolk towns. This first foray onto British soil claimed six victims, and, above all, made a huge impact on the public, who considered the attack a barbaric act. 


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